Saliva and Oral Health Status in Children with Special Needs
von Bharti, Tanvi
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The present study aims at evaluating the alkaline phosphatase, calcium, inorganic phosphorous, pH, buffering capacity levels of saliva and DMFT index in intellectually disabled and non-intellectually disabled children. Saliva is one of the most important factor in prevention of dental caries. Any change in saliva composition plays an important role in development and progression of caries. The prevalence of dental caries and alkaline phosphatase is high in Intellectually disabled children whether the remaining salivary constituents are found at higher levels in non-intellectually disabled children. This is due to poor muscular synchronization and muscle weakness in intellectually disabled children that hinders routine daily oral hygiene measures. Lack of knowledge about oral hygiene practices, lack of motivation, low priority given to the dental care in the society, lack of facilities for regular oral health check-up and prompt treatment, poor socioeconomic status of the parents and cost of the treatment may be the reasons for these accumulated treatment needs. Thus, a systematic endeavor to enhance the preventive approach should be undertaken by the oral health authorities.
LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
All that I am and all that I have is by the grace of the Almighty GOD. I hope and pray that He guides me as He has always done and I can never thank Him enough for giving me more than my share. Next to God, I would like to thanks my parents for guiding me and inculcating in me, the ample strength and enthusiasm needed to complete my work sincerely.
9. April 2021
0.22 x 0.15 x 0.006 m; 0.195 kg