Enterprise, Money and Credit in England before the Black Death 1285–1349

von Pamela Nightingale
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Pamela Nightingale Enterprise, Money and Credit in England before the Black Death 1285–1349
Pamela Nightingale - Enterprise, Money and Credit in England before the Black Death 1285–1349

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Beschreibung

This book charts the contributions made to the development of the late medieval English economy by enterprise, money, and credit in a period which saw its major export trade in wool, which earned most of its money-supply, suffer from prolonged periods of warfare, high taxation, adverse weather, and mortality of sheep. Consequently, the economy suffered from severe shortages of coin, as well as from internal political conflicts, before the plague of 1348-9 halved the population. The book  examines from the Statute Merchant certificates of debt, the extent to which credit, which normally reflects economic activity, was affected by these events, and the extent to which London, and the leading counties were affected differently by them. The analysis covers the entire kingdom, decade by decade, and thereby contributes to the controversy whether over-population or shortage of coin most inhibited its development.  

Mitwirkende

Autor:
Pamela Nightingale

Weitere Informationen

Anmerkung Illustrationen:
XVIII, 382 p. 4 illus., 1 illus. in color.
Inhaltsverzeichnis:



Chapter 1: The Place of Credit and Coin in the Medieval English Economy



The Relationship of Credit to the Monetary Economy



 



The Shortage of Coin



 



The Crown and the Coinage



 



Barter



 



The Constraints on Credit



 



Usury and Interest



 



Risks of Default



 



The Instability of Credit



 



The Balance of Trade and Coin



 



The Wool Trade and Credit



 



Chapter 2: The Records of the Statutes of Acton Burnell, and Merchants, 1284–1349



The Registries



Conflicting interpretations of the Certificates



The Certificates of Debt as a Sample of Credit



A London Merchant’s record of Credit.



The Relationship between Credit and Wool Exports



.




Chapter 3: The Contribution of Alien Creditors to the English Economy, 12851289




            Italian Creditors, 1285-9



            Cahorsin Creditors, 1285-9



            Gascon Creditors, 1285-9



            German Merchants



            Other alien creditors



            London and Alien Merchants



 




Chapter 4: English Wealth and Credit, 12851289



London and its Region



Shropshire



Lincolnshire



Yorkshire



Hampshire



Credit in other coastal counties



Northumberland



The Inland Counties




 




Chapter 5: The Growth of English Credit, 12901294



Hampshire



Yorkshire



Shropshire



Lincolnshire



London



Bristol



The New Registries



Nottingham



Chester




 




Chapter 6: Warfare, Currency Confusion, and Falling Credit, 1295–1299



            Hampshire



            Lincolnshire



            Yorkshire



            Shropshire



            Herefordshire



            Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire



            Devon



            London



 




Chapter 7: Recovery and New Patterns of Credit, 13001304



London



Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire



Lincolnshire



Norfolk



Yorkshire



Shropshire



Herefordshire



Devon



 




Chapter 8: Monetary Expansion and Economic Growth, 13051309




            London and its Region



            Oxford and its Region



Bristol and its Region



Norfolk



Nottinghamshire



Derbyshire,



Leicestershire



Lincolnshire



Yorkshire



Shropshire



Herefordshire



Hampshire



Devon




 




Chapter 9: Crises, Conflicts, and Mercantile Credit, 1311
–1329




            Circumstances inimical to credit



            Repeal of the Ordinances, 1322



            Differing regional concentrations of merchants



            London



            London’s Region



            Norfolk



            Suffolk



            Lincolnshire



            Yorkshire



            Shropshire



Herefordshire



Bristol, Somerset and Gloucestershire



Nottinghamshire



Staffordshire




 




Chapter 10: Warfare, Gold, and Regional Disparities, 133013
39



London



The expansion of London’s Region



Norfolk



Suffolk




Growth in the Midlands:



Northamptonshire



Warwickshire



Oxfordshire



Bristol and Somerset



Dorset



Cornwall and Devon




Counties with Declining Credit:



Lincolnshire



Shropshire



Herefordshire



Yorkshire



 




Chapter 11: English Financiers, a Gold Currency and Plague, 1340
–1349



Coin and Credit




            Counties with Falling Credit:




            Oxfordshire




            Norfolk




Counties with Increased Credit:



London



The Rise of London’s Mercers



Other London Creditors



Increased Provincial Enterprise and Credit



Devon



Wiltshire



Bristol



Gloucestershire



Herefordshire



Warwickshire



Lincolnshire



Newcastle and Northumberland



Yortkshire



 




Chapter 12: Conclusions




Bemerkungen:
Charts the relative contribution made to the development of the late medieval English economy by enterprise, money and credit


Covers the entire kingdom, while concentrating on the ten counties which recorded the most credit in each period


Highlights key differences in regional enterprise which arose from differences in the natural assets of a region, and its ease of access to overseas trade

Medientyp:
Buch gebunden
Verlag:
Springer International Publishing
Biografie:
Pamela Nightingale read history at Newnham College, Cambridge, where she stayed to do research for a Ph.D. which she was awarded in 1963. Her first three books were on the history of British India and Chinese Central Asia from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries, until she changed her field to write a book on the trade and politics of medieval London. Her research led her to investigate and then to calendar the huge collection of certificates of debt in the National Archives on which this present book is based.  Her publications, two Senior Research Fellowships held at the Ashmolean Museum, and regular participation in an Oxford research seminar on medieval economic and social history led to her election in 1999 as a member of Oxford University's Faculty of History, and in 2010 she was awarded an Oxford D.Litt. She is also a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. 


Sprache:
Englisch
Auflage:
1st ed. 2018
Seitenanzahl:
382

Stammdaten

Produkttyp:
Buch Gebunden
Veröffentlichungsdatum:
2. August 2018
Verpackungsabmessungen:
0.218 x 0.157 x 0.032 m; 0.83 kg
GTIN:
09783319902500
DUIN:
MR3NJA96GSM
€ 119,52
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